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GIS

Geographic Information System (GIS)

There has been a strongly growing need for digital geographic data for projects carried out within the framework of the CHR over past years. The CHR has therefore developed a database for the Rhine catchment area, holding digitized geographical data. This database also contains meteorological and hydrological time series for many monitoring stations in the Rhine basin.

Significance of GIS

Umrisse des Rheineinzugsgebietes A GIS is vital in carrying out model studies, e.g. concerning the influence of climatic changes on the Rhine discharge or for detailing the effect of changing land uses on the occurrence of floods. The data in CHR GIS is cross-border, covers the complete basin area and is as such unique.

Use of GIS

There has been a strongly growing need for digital geographic data for projects carried out within the framework of the CHR over past years. The CHR has therefore developed a database for the Rhine catchment area, holding digitized geographical data. This database also contains meteorological and hydrological time series for many monitoring stations in the Rhine basin.

Working method for GIS

A working group was formed for compilation of CHR GIS, comprising representatives of hydrological institutes and universities in the Rhine basin. In developing the database, the assumption was made that it would use the data already available from the participating institutes wherever possible.

Data records available in GIS

  • The following completed data records are available:
  • Topography
  • Water courses and sub watersheds
  • Elevation model
  • Soil use
  • Soil types
  • Gauging stations for hydrological and meteorological data

 

 

 

 

 

Expansion of the Database for Hydrological and Meteorological Time Series for the period 1961 - 2004 is also underway. The CHR GIS was used in an inventory of the large reservoirs in the Rhine basin (CHR report II-10) and in a study into the influence of climatic change on hydrological regimes in Europe (CHR report I-16).

Publications on CHR-GIS

  • Sprokkereef, E. (1999): Erstellung einer digitalen Monographie für das Rheingebiet. In Hydrologische Dynamik im Rheingebiet. International Rhine Conference organized by the German IHP/OHP Committee. Koblenz 27-28 April 1999 - IHP/OHP-Berichte, Heft 13, Koblenz
  • Kwadijk, J. en E. Sprokkereef, E., (1997): Development of a GIS for Hydrological Modeling of the River Rhine, in: Burrough, P.A. and Masser, I. (eds) ), European Geographic Information Infrastructures: Opportunities and Pitfalls. Taylor and Francis, London
  • Sprokkereef, E. (1996): Digital Monograph of the Rhine basin. In Proceedings HydroGIS '96, Vienna, Austria 16-19 April 1996

Participating Institutes

The GIS working group of the CHR comprises staff members from the following institutes:

Switzerland:
Federal Office for the Environment, Bern
Austria:
Amt der Vorarlberger Landesregierung, Bregenz
France:
Agence de l'Eau Rhin-Meuse, Metz, Université de Metz, Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg
Luxembourg:
Ministry for Environment, Luxembourg
Germany:
Federla Insitute of Hydrology, Koblenz
The Netherlands:
Rijkswaterstaat - Centre for Water Management, Lelystad